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Rifles and Guns for an African Safari - 2009

 


 

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Guns and rifles for Africa

So, every other person who has been to Africa will tell you, with an air of great confidence about what your choice of Rifle should be. Everyone has advice on this matter, even if they haven't been there but mostly you're going to be seeing great long articles by some guy who shot a Blue Wildebeest with a particular rifle at 500 yards and it knocked the beast onto its butt.

Since I first started hunting, it seems to me that the number of new calibers and so called improved versions of everyday rifles, ones we have grown up with, has doubled. Suddenly the good old 30-06 or .270 is no longer good enough for the exact same animal you used it on 5 years ago. Now you need the improved version, the one that packs more powder, flies at more feet per second and has that all important asset - knock down power!

You see these days you can't be seen dead with the regular old .300 magnum, no way that's too archaic - you need at least the newer 'short version' or even better, get the 'ultra magnum' because certainly the regular plain clothes style .300 magnum will not do?? Seriously, if you are comfortable with your rifle and it falls into the category above a 6mm then it is going to be enough for most of the plains game Africa has to throw at you.

What happened to us in the old days, were we perhaps incredibly lucky or just damn good shots to succeed in actually taking down game with our outdated rifles? BUT I digress, today there is a mouth watering choice of rifles and calibers and if you already have a couple of medium to larger calibers then it is more than likely you'll not need to buy a new rifle for Africa - unless of course you want to, what better excuse could you have than Africa!

One major consideration is travel with a firearm, which is becoming more complicated and I foresee a day when all hunters would rather use the rifles provided by their PH or outfitter. In fact this is already happening with many of the top outfitters offering a good choice of rifles for use on a safari.

There is nothing like hunting with your own rifle however and an essential to any trip is hunting with a rifle that you are used to rather than going out and getting a bazooka just because its Africa! Marksmanship and knowing your gun are the two essential ingredients here.

If you're hunting the big boys then the classic double is the dream. Whether you can afford this is another story but seeing a buffalo bull take 500 grains twice in a matter of seconds is a memory not ever forgotten. Unless you're a plinker there is no need to go out and buy a new rifle specifically for African game, a heavier caliber deer rifle works well on most plains game and some even do for the cats.

It is when you start messing with elephant, rhino and buffalo that you need a true weapon, a big stick so to speak.

Here's what I think on the subject of heavy rifles for Africa:

Heavy thick skinned game - Elephant, Rhino & Buffalo
You probably wish you had a dollar for every time you heard this, the .375 Magnum is the caliber for the big boys. Well...... that is partly true, in most countries it is the minimum you need to be able to book a dangerous game hunt, but nowadays there are such mouth watering guns for the big boys that a .375 magnum is a bit of a let down.

Don't mistake my banter, the .375 Mag will do the job each an every day for 100 years. 20 years ago in Africa, this was one of the biggest calibers you could get. So don't discard the faithful old workhorse, it is capable of handling everything Africa has to throw at it and is on the very reasonable end of your budget.

BUT somehow the bigger calibers feel better, their barrels are thicker and you know immediately, when you lift the rifle to your shoulder that this is a tool for a serious job. I'm not talking about the expensive doubles, I'm talking about rifles that will cost you a little more than usual but they are built for the purpose of close range heavy work and will throw out 500 grains of hot lead with enough knock down power to make you safe.

I GOTTA LOTT
In my opinion, the .458 LOTT is the perfect rifle for the big game of Africa because of its size, the knock down power it delivers and because of its availability. Winchester did make it in factory version yet your best bet is to buy a regular .458 Mag, used is cheaper, and get it reamed out by a competent gunsmith into the LOTT version (believe me, you don't want an original .458 Mag, it does not work well). Without a doubt, the LOTT carries serious hitting power and is the choice of many PH's across Africa. If you cannot afford a double, then this is the best choice from firepower and economy angles.
Of course, here I am touting a rifle that I don't even use, because of one primary reason: the rifle I have fits me, it knows me, I know how it behaves and it works for me. Believe me, I own a .458 LOTT and have used it and know its capabilities, that is why I endorse it.

There are some feed problems associated with this rifle however and more often than not it involves a soft nosed round in a brand spanking new rifle. The winchesters tend to have this problem but I have also seen it in the new CZ's. Get a gunsmith to file down and polish the sharp edge of the chamber as this is where the bullets tend to jam.

THE OLD NITRO
The .416 Rigby was one of the first large game nitro calibers and to this day it is a very good all rounder. This is what I use and personally I would prefer a 500 grain bullet because the Rigby to me is akin to the .300 Win or Weatherby Mag., it is fast, it penetrates and it kicks the shit out of you. 500 grains might slow it a little and make it more manageable, but it is another top choice for your big game hunt and you can use it on lesser game at a greater distance. It is well suited for Moose, Elk and of course the American bigwigs, those magnificent brown bears of Kodiak.
You have the Americanized version of this, the .416 Remington. For what it is worth, when you look at the cartridges side by side there is little difference but in the field they are 2 different calibers, something about pressure in Africa's heat and humidity. Seriously, as a PH who hunts mostly buffalo each year and sees many calibers, I notice a difference, there seems to be a lack of power or perhaps it is just that people are afraid of it! This caliber evokes caution in me whenever I have a client shooting it. Most of the time it works out perfect though!

DOUBLE DREAMS
They're too heavy for me but for the purpose of hunting the dangerous game of Africa, they are second to none. Old gnarly PH's pull them out at every opportunity and ask if you want to buy the stick that killed 500 elephant! Today they are cheaper and they work well yet most still throw a 500 grain piece of lead so your only advantage is a second shot, which probably turns out to be too close or even worse, you pull both barrels at once. The .470 Nitro is the most common, the cheapest and still only gives you 500 grains? BUT you get the image and they make some immaculate guns. Ammunition is also factory produced so, like the .458 LOTT you can make it more economical on your whole pocketbook. If you do buy a double PLEASE make sure it is from a reputable manufacturer and dealer - double nightmares do happen, even with the top brands and manufacturers.

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Everyone has a different view of what they should look like on an African hunt and most of the time it involves a vision out of one of the classical hunting novels or recounts.

There is very little that you need different from what you may already own so don't go out and buy the pith helmet that Roosevelt wore, a simple baseball cap will do most of the time.


African Hunting Tools - When out in the bush you make use of what you have



The length between the eye of a Crocodile and its snout, in inches, is usually equivalent to it's body length in feet.


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