these items for your trip: your own regular medication,
malaria prophylactics (see below), tick repellent
(DEET), mosquito repellent creams and sprays, sunblock
and sunburn cream, diahorrea tablets, plaster for blisters
and sore feet, general pain killers, antacid, anti-histamines,
anti-inflammatory and anti-allergic tablets (e.g. Phenergan).
Eye-drops are useful in the dry season.
facilities in the big cities of Gaborone and Francistown
are adequate but are otherwise rather limited. As with
any travels to Africa, it is important to check your
own medical insurance policies and purchase medical
evacuation coverage. That said, you'll find that you
will need to pay cash for most medical treatment and
then claim from your insurer on your return.
a rule, there are no immunisations required to enter
Botswana. However, if you have recently passed through
one of Africa's yellow fever zones then an International
Certificate of Immunisation is required for yellow
fever (if you plan on hunting the countries to the
north, this "Yellow Book" is essential).
Immunisation against tetanus is recommended as well.
- a real killer
number one concern healthwise is, of course, Malaria.
Most parts of Botswana are low risk but it is most
prevalent in the summer months, November to June when
temperatures and rainfall are at their highest.
Malaria is a real threat and your safest defense against
it is DON'T GET BITTEN. Cover up in the late afternoon
around sunset and in the evening and spray your room
before you sleep. MORE
& tickbite fever
is quite easy to pick this up when walking in long
grass especially after the first rains.
sure you check yourself ALL OVER (!) when you bath
each night as they are tiny and very difficult to
- is prevalent throughout Africa and the general rule
is do not expose yourself to untreated water anywhere
in the country. Bilharzia is however easily treated
and does not pose an immediate threat to personal health.
likes snakes, they have been symbols of evil and danger
throughout history and in Africa it is no different.
Most snakes, if found are killed without even considering
if they are dangerous or not and the population density
of South Africa ensures you are very unlikely to stand
on a live one.
has its fair share of snakes and many people are bitten
each year mainly through their own ignorance. Of the
131 snake species which occur in Southern Africa,
14 can cause death if they bite you and a further
18 carry venom which can lead to serious complications.
treated, water is fine to drink. It is safe also in
the Okavango where the reeds form a natural filtering
system. All other water must be boiled.
with elsewhere in the region, the occurrence of Aids
is high. Your best form of protection is to abstain!
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